Moanoghar is a non-political and socio-educational and development organization, located in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. Located at the outskirt of Rangamati in Rangapani village, it was founded to provide care and education to the poor, destitute children from the region. The period was at the aftermath of the Liberation War of Bangladesh and the entire region of the Chittagong Hill Tracts was particularly affected.
In the ensuing decades when the region descended into a period of instability which seriously disrupted the lives of the region’s ethnic indigenous minorities, Moanoghar was found as an ideal institution to provide refuge to hundreds of children who were victims of the strifes.
Moanoghar was founded in 1974 by a group of Buddhist monks. The founders are;
Ven. Jnanshree Mahathero
Ven. Bimal Tissya Bhikkhu
Ven. Prajnananda Mahathero, and
Ven. Shraddhalanker Mahathero
Our vision is of a society in which the disadvantaged and marginalised communities of the Chittagong Hill Tracts have access to the basic services necessary to give them a secure future and in which the various cultural traditions of its people can be shared and cherished.
Moanoghar's mission is to work with the poor and marginalized indigenous people of the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT). Moanoghar works to provide formal education, vocational training, health services and support for the overall socio-economic development of its students in the area and of the wider community. In addition to these priorities, Moanoghar aspires to promote and preserve indigenous culture and to act as a symbol of communal harmony to the wider community.
Although Moanoghar was established by Buddhist monks and for most of its existence was run by them, it has never been involved in missionary activities. Indeed, since its founding, there have always been non-Buddhist children and none were ever converted. In fact, we strongly encourage and support every child to follow his/her own faith and seek his/her .
Belief in ‘non-violence’, ‘mutual tolerance’ and ‘compassion’ are the guiding principles of Moanoghar. Moanoghar strongly believes that all actions for development and betterment of the people must be guided by the conviction in these principles.
These principles are embodied in our organizational CHARTER. The observance of the Five Mindfulness Meditations is integral part of this Charter. All our staff, members, residents are encouraged to abide by the principles of the Charter and the Five Mindfulness Meditations. Together, they put the physical, intellectual, and spiritual growth and well-being of the children in our care as most important of our work and constitute our Child Protection Policy.
Besides working on education and well-being of the destitute children, Moanoghar also expanded its activities in different areas to the service of the communities. The initiatives are;
At present, there are more than 1,400 children studying in Moanoghar. This includes 620 residential children who live in the hostels. The remaining children attend the school from the neighbouring villages. The children are from 11 different indigenous minority groups and all the 3 districts (Bandarban, Rangamati, Khagrachari) of the region. All the children are provided free or highly subsidized education as has been always the case since Moanoghar’s establishment.
Since its establishment, more than 3000 students have completed their education from Moanoghar, out of which about 450 are with tertiary level education. These children literally come from all the indigenous minority groups and across the region of the Chittagong Hill Tracts (See the list of the former children who received education in the school). Many of our former students are successful in their professional life both a home and abroad. It can be confidently said that without Moanoghar none of these individuals would have had an education.
Besides providing education to poor and orphan children, Moanoghar can claim in important contribution in the preservation and promotion of cultural areas. We supported in the founding of Jum Aesthetics Council (JAC), the largest cultural organization in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. JAC has extensive networks of cultural groups/activists across the region and all the communities.
We also have made significant contribution in the development and dissemination of CHT’s rich cultural heritage and traditions. We are the first to organize Adivasi (Indigenous) Cultural Fair in early 1990s in the CHT. Our publications and support to composition of new music and dance choreographies led to composition of new songs and dance choreography based on the traditional tunes and rites of the various indigenous groups. With the observance of the major cultural icons of our Country/Nation (Tagore, Nazrul, Shamsur Rehman, Begum Rokeya, etc) on specific occasions and the extensive exchanges with the civil society and cultural groups at the national level have given a new impetus in the mutual learning and sharing to build a society in the CHT that looks forward to a new Bangladesh.
The Constitution provides the overall statutory framework to the management of Moanoghar. The General Body is the highest authority. It currently consists of XXXX members. The General Body approves Annual Budget, Audit Report, appoints the Audit Firm and as well as define the long term goals of the organization through Annual General Meeting or Extraordinary General Meeting. It also elects the Executive Committee.
The Executive Committee is the key policy making body of Moanoghar. It approves Annual Activity Plan, supervises its implementation and functions as the key custodian of organizations assets and values. It is elected for a period of 3 years in the Annual General Meeting. The Executive Committee is elected for the period 2010-2013 and consists of the following members;
As per Moanoghar’s Organogramme, the Executive Director is the key office bearer of the organization. S/he is appointed by the Executive Committee and supervises the organizational staff and is responsible for the implementation of the work plan. He is the main responsible person for the children’s well-being and development.
The Executive Director is assisted in his day-to-day functions by a Senior Management Team (SMT). The SMT is currently composed of the following office-bearers;
Moanoghar - an ideal refuge for distressed humanity